Graduate Seminar in the
Ecology of Fragmented Landscapes (2 credits)
CBLS 252 - Mondays, 3:00-4:30
Instructors: Pete August,
URI; Anne Kuhn, EPA Narragansett Lab; Kristen Hychka, University of Rhode Island
Goals: Review the general concepts and principles of landscape ecology and evaluate a couple of exciting emerging themes in applied landscape ecology and topics of general interest chosen by the students.
Format: Class will begin with a 5 -10 minute overview of the topic by the instructors, then a randomly chosen student will provide a 5-10 minute review of each of the paper(s) to be read for the day. Following this, another student will be randomly chosen to lead a 15-20 minute discussion on logical or technical problems with the readings and other overall weaknesses the reviewer found. This will be followed by a 15-20 minute discussion of the positive strengths of the readings by the class. All students are expected to contribute to the discussion.
Student Responsibilities: 1) Attend all meetings and participate in discussions. 2) Lead session reviewing the papers or their positive and negative attributes. 3) Prepare an annotated bibliography and 3-5 page white paper on the chosen topic, due at the end of the semester (29 April at 3:00 PM) . You will give a short oral presentation on what you found in your lit review on 27 April. Examples of past reports - 2011 and 2013. Bibs for 2015 are here.
Meeting Time: Mondays 3:00 - 4:30 PM, Room CBLS 252
Grading: Grades will be based on class participation (50%), the bibliography (25%), and the white paper (25%).
Misc: Are you a member of US-IALE? Click here for more info.
Academic Integrity: Students are expected to be honest in all academic work. A student’s name on any written work, quiz or exam shall be regarded as assurance that the work is the result of the student’s own independent thought and study. Work should be stated in the student’s own words, properly attributed to its source. Students have an obligation to know how to quote, paraphrase, summarize, cite and reference the work of others with integrity. The following are examples of academic dishonesty.
• Using material, directly or paraphrasing, from published sources (print or electronic) without appropriate citation
• Claiming disproportionate credit for work not done independently
• Unauthorized possession or access to exams
• Unauthorized communication during exams
• Unauthorized use of another’s work or preparing work for another student
• Taking an exam for another student
• Altering or attempting to alter grades
• The use of notes or electronic devices to gain an unauthorized advantage during exams
• Fabricating or falsifying facts, data or references
• Facilitating or aiding another’s academic dishonesty
• Submitting the same paper for more than one course without prior approval from the instructors.
Special Needs Students: Any student with a documented disability is welcome to contact us as early in the semester as possible so that we may arrange reasonable accommodations. As part of this process, please be in touch with Disability Services for Students Office at 330 Memorial Union, 401-874-2098
Week 1 (1/26) Intro Session, CIK 026
Week 2 2/2. Class Cancelled Due to Snow
Week 3 & 4 (2/18) Landscape Ecology Basics. Also, read the overview of LE at this web site.
Risser, P.G., J.R. Karr, and R.T.T. Forman. 1984. Landscape ecology: directions and approaches. Special Publ. No. 2, Ill. Natural Hist. Surv., Champaign.
Forman, R.T.T. 1995. Land Mosaics: The ecology of landscapes and regions. p 3-40.
Turner, M. 2005. Landscape ecology: what is the state of the science? Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics.
Week 3 & 4 (2/18, Wed) Landscape Ecology in Europe.
Zonneveld, I. 1990. Scope and concepts of landscape ecology as an emerging science.
Schreiber, K. The history of landscape ecology in Europe
Opdam, P., R. Foppen, and C. Vos. 2002. Bridging the gap between ecology and spatial planning in landscape
ecology. Landscape Ecology 16:767-779
Week 5 (2/23) Quantitative Assessment of Landscapes.
McGarigal, K. 2000. FragStats Overview (Metrics in Fragstats OPTIONAL)
Gustafson, E. J. 1998. Quantifying Landscape Spatial Pattern: What is the State of the Art?. Ecosystems. 1:143-156.
Riitters, K.H. et al. 1995. A factor analysis of landscape pattern and structure metrics. Landscape Ecology. 10(1):23-29.
Week 6 (3/2) Landscape Ecology: Planning and Human Dimensions
Rudnick et al. 2012. The Role of Landscape Connectivity in Planning and Implementing Conservation and Restoration Priorities. Issues in Ecology 16: 1-20
White, D., et al. 1997. Assessing Risks to biodiversity from future landscape change. Conservation Biology 11(2):349-360, April 1997
Jones, K. Bruce, et al.2013. Informing landscape planning and design for sustaining ecosystem services from existing spatial patterns and knowledge. Landscape ecology 28.6 1175-1192.
Week 7 (3/9) Landscape Ecology and Participatory Planning
Sheppard, RJ. 2005. Participatory decision support for sustainable forest management: a framework for planning with local communities at the landscape level in Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 2005, 35(7): 1515-1526, 10.1139/x05-084.
Lechner, M, G Brown, C Raymond. 2015. Modeling the impact of future development and public conservation orientation on landscape connectivity for conservation planning. Landscape Ecology (preprint)
Brown, GG and P Reed. 2009. Public Participation GIS: A New Method for Use in National Forest Planning. Forest Science 55(2) p.166-182.
Week 8 (3/16) Spring Break NO CLASS
Week 9 (3/23) Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes
McGranahan, D. 2014. Ecologies of Scale: Multifunctionality Connects Conservation and Agriculture across Fields, Farms, and Landscapes. Land 3:739-769
Angelstam, P. et al. 2013. Knowledge Production and Learning for Sustainable Landscapes: Seven Steps Using Social–Ecological Systems as Laboratories. Ambio 42:116-128.
Gu, H. & S. Subramahian. 2104. Drivers of Change in Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes: Implications for Better Management. Ecology and Society 19:41
Week 10 (3/30) Marinescapes
Pittman, S., Kneib, R., Simenstad, C., & Nagelkerken, I. (2011). Seascape ecology: application of landscape ecology to the marine environment. Mar Ecol Prog Ser, 427, 187-302.
Wedding, L. M., Lepczyk, C. A., Pittman, S. J., Friedlander, A. M., & Jorgensen, S. (2011). Quantifying seascape structure: extending terrestrial spatial pattern metrics to the marine realm. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 427, 219-232.
Treml, E. A., Halpin, P. N., Urban, D. L., & Pratson, L. F. (2008). Modeling population connectivity by ocean currents, a graph-theoretic approach for marine conservation. Landscape Ecology, 23(1), 19-36.
Week 11 (4/6 ) Urban Landscapes
Grimm, N. B., Foster, D., Groffman, P., Grove, J. M., Hopkinson, C. S., Nadelhoffer, K. J., ... & Peters, D. P. (2008). The changing landscape: ecosystem responses to urbanization and pollution across climatic and societal gradients. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 6(5), 264-272.
Dallimer M. et al. 2012. Contrasting patterns in species richness of birds, butterflies and plants along riparian corridors in an urban landscape. Diversity and Distributions 18: 742–753
Hope D., et al. 2003. Socioeconomics drive urban plant diversity. PNAS, 100:8788-8792.
Wu, J. J. (2008). Making the case for landscape ecology an effective approach to urban sustainability. Landscape Journal, 27(1), 41-50.
Week 12 (4/13) Soundscape Ecology
Morton, E. 1975. OPTIONAL Ecological Sources of Selection on Avian Sounds, Amer. Nat., 109:17-34
Summers, P. D., Cunnington, G. M., & Fahrig, L. (2011). Are the negative effects of roads on breeding birds caused by traffic noise?. Journal Of Applied Ecology, 48(6), 1527-1534.
Pijanowski et al. 2011. Soundscape Ecology: The Science of Sound in the Landscape. Bioscience 61:203-216
Lynch, E., D. Joyce, K. Fristrup. 2011. An assessment of noise audibility and sound levels in U.S. National Parks. Landscape Ecology, 26:1297-1309
Week 20 (4/20) Hydrology
Allen, T.D. 2004. Landscapes and Riverscapes: The Influence of Land Use on Stream Ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 35:257-28
Ward, J. V., Tockner, K., Arscott, D. B., & Claret, C. (2002). Riverine landscape diversity. Freshwater Biology, 47(4), 517-539.
Helfield, J. M., & Naiman, R. J. (2001). Effects of salmon-derived nitrogen on riparian forest growth and implications for stream productivity. Ecology, 82(9), 2403-2409.
Week 14 (4/27) Student Project Reports, Oral Presentations, 5 minutes each
3:00 PM (4/29) Student Project Written Reports