. . . Predicting and Minimizing Environmental Impacts . . .
Data and Information
Census of Marine Life - a growing global network of researchers in more than 80 nations engaged in a ten-year initiative to assess and explain the diversity, distribution, and abundance of marine life in the oceans.

CoastWatch - provides timely access to near real-time satellite data to protect, restore, and manage U.S. coastal ocean resources, and understand climate variability and change to further enhance society's quality of life.

EcoTrust - Seeking fundamental institutional changes in the way fisheries, marine ecosystems and watersheds are managed.

Global Change Master Directory - Earth science data and services hosted by NASA Goddard Spacew Flight Center.

Gulf of Main Ocean Observing System (GoMOOS)-

Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) - It is an evolving strategic alliance of people and organizations sharing a vision to make marine biogeographic data, from all over the world, freely available over the World Wide Web.

OBIS-Spatial Ecological Analysis of Megavertebrate Populations (SEAMAP) - a digital database of marine mammal, seabird, and sea turtle distribution and abundance.

Ocean Portal - A high-level directoryof ocean data and information related web sites.

Ocean Watch - Near real-time access to satellite data via Live Access Server (LAS).

Pacific Fisheries Environmental Laboratory (PFEL) - was formed in 1969 to develop data bases and to conduct research on fishery-related effects of natural environmental variability over a broad range of scientific, management, and operational concerns of the government and the fishing industry of the United States.

TOPP- Tagging of Pacific Predators - Several dozen TOPP researchers from eight countries began venturing into offshore waters, remote islands, and along rugged coastlines to attach satellite tags to 22 different species of top predators that roam the Pacific Ocean. As of 2007, they have tagged more than 2,000 animals, including elephant seals, white sharks, leatherback turtles, squid, albatross and sooty shearwaters.

Geospatial Tools
ArcMarine Data Model - a new approach to spatial modeling using improved integration of many important features of the ocean realm, both natural and manmade.

Marine GIS Tools - a multitude of useful tools.

Marine Metadata Interoperability - MMI hopes to encourage scientists and data managers at all levels to apply good metadata practices from the start of a project, by providing the best advice and resources for data management.

Models and Modeling

Marine Acoustics, Inc. - MAI's Acoustic Integration Model© (AIM) software predicts environmental impacts of underwater acoustics.

Ocean Acoustics Library - The Ocean Acoustics library contains acoustic modeling software and data. It is supported by the U.S. Office of Naval Research, Ocean Acoustics Program as a means of publishing software of general use to the international ocean acoustics community.

Ocean Acoustics

Discovery of Sound in the Sea - An introduction to the effects of acoustic energy on the marine environment.

NOAA Acoustic Monitoring Project - The Acoustic Monitoring Project of the VENTS Program has performed continuous monitoring of ocean noise since August, 1991 using the U.S. Navy SOund SUrveillance System (SOSUS) network and autonomous underwater hydrophones.

NOAA Ocean Acoustics Program - The NOAA Fisheries Acoustics Program is investigating all aspects of marine animal acoustic communication, hearing, and the effects of sound on behavior and hearing in protected marine species.

WHOI Ocean Acoustics Lab - Scientists and engineers in the Ocean Acoustics Lab (OAL) at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) are conducting research that will lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms of sound propagation in the oceans, and, conversely, how acoustic transmissions themselves can be employed to measure the physical properties of the ocean and its boundaries.