. . . Predicting and Minimizing Environmental Impacts . . .


Marine Wildlife Behavior Database


Section 7: Diving Speed

Section 1: Reference

Section 8: Dive Angle

Section 2: Identification of Subject

Section 9: Surfacing Angle

Section 3: Dive Depth

Section 10: Surface Behavior

Section 4: Dive Time

Section 11: Time At-Sea/On-Land

Section 5: Bottom Behavior

Section 12: Movement

Section 6: Vertical Rate

Literature Cited


Section 2: Identification of Subject
This section includes fields that provide background on the subject animal(s) being targeted in the study. It should be noted that the Modeling Group/Guild list was originally developed by the OBIS-SEAMAP project at Duke University (Read et al., 2007) but expanded by AIM modeling  (Frankel et al., 2002) and that internet access is necessary to obtain the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN) for a species (http://www.itis.gov/).


  • Modeling Group/Guild
    What modeling group or guild does the studied species belong to?
    • Blue whale
    • Fin whale
    • Bryde's/sei whale
    • Gray whale
    • Minke whale
    • Humpback whale
    • Right whale
    • Bowhead whale
    • Beaked whale
    • Beluga whale
    • Common dolphin
    • Dall's porpoise
    • Fraser's dolphin
    • Harbor porpoise
    • Killer whale
    • Kogia
    • Lagenorhynchus albirostris
    • Lagenorhynchus acutus
    • Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
    • Pilot whale
    • Risso's dolphin
    • Stenella attenuata
    • Stenella frontalis
    • Steno bredanensis
    • Sperm whale
    • Stenella/Lagenodelphis
    • Tursiops truncatus, inshore
    • Tursiops truncatus, offshore
    • Unidentified cetacean
    • Harbor seal
    • Northern fur seal
    • California sea lion
    • Steller sea lion
    • Pacific walrus
    • Bearded seal
    • Pagophilic Phocidae (ribbon, ringed, spotted, hooded, harp seals)

    Integrated Taxonomic Information System Taxonomic Serial Number (http://www.itis.gov/). Must search for the species of interest, click on the species report, and underneath the header name will be the TSN.

  • Common Name
    Common or vernacular English name used in the ITIS Database

  • Scientific Name
    Scientific name

  • Behavioral State:
    The overall behavior in which the animal(s) is involved, select all applicable states from the following picklist (data on each behavior state should be included in individual rows in the database):
    • Foraging
    • Migrating
    • Traveling
    • Milling
    • Calving
    • Sexual displaying
    • Socializing
    • Playing
    • Surface active
    • Diving in bouts
    • Swimming between bouts
    • Resting at the surface

  • Probability of Occurrence of this Behavior
    What percentage of the time does the animal exhibit this behavioral state; over a given time period (define that time period: day, week, month, year, etc.), what is the length of time the animal may be involved in this behavior.

  • Does the animal dive to a feature?
    Select response from the following picklist, either identifying the feature or saying "none" (i.e., doesn't dive to a feature):
    • Bottom
    • Prey
    • Temperature
    • Light level
    • None

  • Where was the feature located in this study?
    This is a free form field that allows the user to give the location of the feature to the animals were diving to in this study as a distance in meters relative to either the sea surface or the sea bottom (e.g., 10 m off the sea floor, or 50 m from the sea surface). This is not meant to be a summary characterization of the prey field, for example, for this species for all eternity.

  • Sex
    Sex of the subject animal, if known (M/F). If not known, enter "N/A"

  • Age
    Age of the subject animal in years, if known. If not known, enter "N/A"

  • Age Class ID_AgeClass: Age class of the subject, selected from the following picklist. If not known, enter "N/A"
    • Adult
    • Sub-adult
    • Juvenile
    • Pup/calf

  • Was there more than 1 animal in the group?
    Yes / No response

  • Group Composition
    What characteristic sex, age class, or number of individuals was the group composed of? This is a free form entry in the following format: "known sex characteristics; known age characteristics; known group size". For any unknown group characteristics, enter N/A (e.g., if nothing known about group, would enter: "N/A; N/A; N/A"). If the animal was observed by itself, the group size would be 1.

  • Comments
    Free form field to note complications with data entry, information to review at a later date, etc.